Welcome Booth will be setup at Inchon Airport (ICN). Click HERE for more details.

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Local excursions are still open with limited seats. Please see below.

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Bus Schedule between Hilton hotel and conference venue.

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Excursions Schedule:

Monday Excursion: Buses will depart at 9:00am from the Hilton hotel. Please be at the Hilton Lobby by 8:45am. Lunch, drinks, and park entrance fee will be provided.

Wednesday AM and Thursday AM Excursions: Buses will depart at 8:30am from the Hilton hotel. Please be there no later than 8:15 am.

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The 29th SAC edition will be held in the historic city of Gyeongju, knows as the Museum without Walls. The conference venue is the campus of Dongguk University, Gyeongju, Korea.

To facilitate your travel, over the next few weeks the local organizing committee will provide valuable information about the conference venue, hotels, travel info, local excursions, transportation info, food services, and other information. As you plan your travel, please check this page for latest updates. Please note that the local committee is making every effort to facilitate your travel arrangements to Gyeongju, Korea.

For attendees traveling from the USA to Korea, we recommend the following travel agency for lower rates on airfare.

Omni Travel (Ms. Susan)
Phone: 800-721-1723
Office Hours: 9:00am - 5:30pm, Monday to Friday (closed on Saturday and Sunday)
Please identify yourself as "SAC 2014" attendee to Ms. Susan.

This page provides the following information:

Visa Information
Conference Venue
Travel Information
Hotels Information
Gyeongju City
Excursions
Useful Links for Tours
Useful Apps



Visa Information

The Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) does not issue formal invitation letters for visas to attend ACM sponsored conferences. However, ACM can issue a visa support letter. For visa support letters, please send all requests to the Office of SIG Services at supportletters@acm.org. Please be sure to include all of the following information in your original email:

1. Your name as it appears on your passport
2.
Your current postal mailing address
3.
The name of the conference you wish to attend
4.
Your Registration Confirmation Number
5.
If you have any papers accepted for the conference, please provide the title and indicate whether you are the ‘sole author’ or a ‘co- author’

All this information is necessary, and omitting any of it will delay the issuing of the support letter.
Visa support letters are answered in the order they are received. You will receive a PDF letter by email within the 4-5 business days. Please note that ACM does not fax visa support letters. The PDF serves as a signed electronic version of the original letter which will be mailed to your current mailing address. If you do not receive the letter by post mail on time for your visa appointment, please print out your PDF letter and take it with you.

Please plan accordingly.

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Conference Venue:

SAC 2014 will take place on the campus of Dongguk University, Gyeongju, Korea.

Shuttle service between the Hilton Hotel and Dongguk University campus will be provided.

Dongguk University at Gyeongju, along with the prestigious Dongguk University in Seoul city, provides an innovative and world-class education at local community. Harmonized with Gyeongju which had a millennium history, Korea's long tradition, and one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Dongguk University at Gyeongju was founded by the Korean Buddhist Jogye Religious Order in 1978 and is now committed to fostering an excellent leader and professional research.

Dongguk University encourages students and faculties to pursue the quality of education by bringing together dramatically diverse life experiences and cultures. For globalization and information & technology toward 21st, students and professors from around the world contribute to the latest theories and practical training in every area of university study. And thus Dongguk serves a variety of health cares and medical services at the affiliated hospital of an oriental medicine and a medical college to the local community. The educational mission of Dongguk is development of the self, a maturing process enhanced by exposure to people of diverse backgrounds, opinions, and value systems. For thousands of new students each year, Dongguk will continue to go a great step on a lifelong journey of self-discovery, service to others, and spiritual enlightenment. The educational mission of Dongguk is development of the self, a maturing process enhanced by exposure to people of diverse backgrounds, opinions, and value systems. For thousands of new students each year, Dongguk will continue to go a great step on a lifelong journey of self-discovery, service to others, and spiritual enlightenment.

Below is the Campus Map. The
The 28th SAC will be held at the Centenial Memory Hall which is located on the top of the campus map.


1. Wonhyogwan Hall

2. Library

3. Student Center

4. Munmugwan (academic sports center)

5. Jinheunggwan Hall

6. Keumjang Sanhwalgwan (residence hall(M))

7. Oriental Medicine Hall

8. Keumjang Sanghwalgwan(residence hall(F))

9. Jeonggakwon (temple)

10. Information Center

11. Science Hall

12. Sculpture Hall

13. Amphitheater

14. Playing Field

15. University Kindergarten

16. Youngsangwan Hall

17. Fine Arts Practices Facility

18. Tennis Court/Golf Course Practice Area

19. Sukrimwon(residence hall)

20. Business Development Center

21. Gumjang Sanghwalgwan(Buddhist sanctum)

22. Baeksanggwan Hall

23. Business Development Center

24. Medical College

25. Vivarium

26. Cafeteria & Shops

27. Hospital

28. Wangsangwon(funeral parlor)

29. Energy Engineering Hall

30. Sukrimwon Bongyangsil (cafeteria)

31. Centennial Memorial Hall

 

 

 

 

 
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Travel Information:

There are three ways to get to SAC 2014 location - Gyeongju city:

1. Railroad - Highspeed Train:

Take the airport railroad to Seoul main train station, and then take KTX train to Gyeongju. The trip takes about 3 hours from Seoul Station to Gyeongju city.
The train station in Gyeongju city is called Singyeongju Train Station.

Please download this file (Word or PDF) that illustrates step by step how to use this option.

We recommend the first option unless you have very late arrival to Incheon airport. In such case, the second option below would be appropriate as the Limousine Bus service is available 24 hours.

2. Direct Limousine Bus From Incheon Airport to Gyeongju City:

Bus Stop : 1st floor, 10C (Not 10A as the arrow shows below)

Travel Time : 300 min.

Fare : $35.00 = KRW 39,200

Operation Time : 07:00 am ~ 21:30 pm every 110~290 min.

Detailed information : http://www.airport.kr/airport/traffic/bus/busList.iia?flag=E&fake=1306823313914


3. Via Busan (Gimhae Airport):


Coming through Busan city (Gimhae airport), one option is to take airport railroad, and then take KTX train to Gyeongju city. The trip takes about 2 hours. The other option is to take the Direct Limousine Bus to Gyeongju city. The trip take about 1 hour. We recommend the you to take the Direct Limousine Bus as illustrated below.

Direct Limousine Bus From Busan to Gyeongju City:

When you exit Gimhae Airport terminal, turn right and the ticket counter for the limousine bus is at the end (No 1. on the picture below, Cross-country Limousine Bus).

The bus is comfortable, 27 seats coach

Travel Time: 70 minutes in normal traffic condition.

Fare: $8.00 = KRW 9,000

Operation Time: 07:00 am ~ 22: 00 pm every 30 min.

Arrival is outside Gyeongju bus terminal. Walk ahead and you will see tourist info center. The staff can speak English and helpful.

Detailed information: http://www.airport.co.kr/mbs/gimhaeeng/subview.jsp?id=gimhaeeng_030101000000

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Hotel Information:

The organizing committee has selected the Hilton Hotel in Gyeongju (Hilton Gyeongju) as SAC 2014 designated hotel. The committee has negotiated special rates for SAC attendees. We encourage all attendees to book their rooms at Hilton Gyeongju as soon as possible. To do so, please use this reservation form (Word or PDF) - download the form, complete, and fax to the hotel as instructed on the form (fax or e-mail). *** The number of blocked rooms will be only guaranteed by 12:00pm, January 31, 2014 (Korea Time). The reservation is based on first come - first serve.

The conference Reception and Banquet events will be held at Hilton Gyeongju (see SAC-At-Glance).

The conference will provide a shuttle service between Hilton Gyeongju and the conference venue (the campus of Dongguk University) in the mornings and afternoons. The shuttle schedule will be posted on this page when becomes available.

 

 

 

Hilton Gyeongju

http://www3.hilton.com/en/hotels/south-korea/gyeongju-hilton-KYOHITW/index.html

370 Shunpyung-dong, Gyeongju 780-290, Korea
Voice: +82-54-740-1234
Fax: +82-54-745-7799,
E-mail: Yunsik.ho@hilton.com
Website: http://www.hilton.com (Search for Gyeongju, Korea)

For reservation status, please contact Room Reservation Office.
Voice: +82-54-740-1234
Fax: +82 2 771 1561
Email: reservation.gyeongju@hilton.com

SAC Rates:
Deluxe Room & Breakfast (1 person): US$129 (includes 10% service charge and 10% V.A.T.)
Deluxe Room Only: US$110 (includes 10% service charge and 10% V.A.T.)

WiFi access is included in the room rates.

Deadline: January 31, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


The following map shows how to get to the Hilton hotel once you arrive to Gyeongju (SinGyeongju station).

A : Shin Gyeongju Station (For KTX, High Speed Train)

B : The Venue (Dongguk University)

C : Hilton Hotel Gyeongju at Bomun Lake

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Gyeongju City:

Gyeongju (Korean pronunciation: [kjəːŋdʑu]) is a coastal city in the far southeastern corner of North Gyeongsang province in South Korea.[2][3] It is the second largest city by area in the province after Andong, covering 1,324 km2 (511 sq mi) with a population of 264,091 people (as of December 2012.)[2][4] Gyeongju is 370 km (230 mi) southeast of Seoul,[5] and 55 km (34 mi) east of the provincial capital, Daegu.[6] The city borders Cheongdo and Yeongcheon to the west, Ulsan to the south and Pohang to the north, while to the east lies the coast of the Sea of Japan (East Sea).[2] Numerous low mountains—outliers of the Taebaek range—are scattered around the city.[7]

Gyeongju was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Silla (57 BC – 935 AD) which ruled about two-thirds of the Korean Peninsula between the 7th and 9th centuries. A vast number of archaeological sites and cultural properties from this period remain in the city. Gyeongju is often referred to as "the museum without walls".[8][9] Among such historical treasures, Seokguram grotto, Bulguksa temple, Gyeongju Historic Areas and Yangdong Folk Village are designated as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.[10][11] The many major historical sites have helped Gyeongju become one of the most popular tourist destinations in South Korea.[6][12]

The city of Gyeongju was united with the nearby rural Gyeongju County in 1995 and is now an urban–rural complex.[13] It is similar to 53 other small- and medium-sized cities with a population under 300,000 people in South Korea.[14] As well as its rich historical heritage, Gyeongju today is affected by the economic, demographic, and social trends that have shaped modern South Korean culture. Tourism remains the major economic driver, but manufacturing activities have developed due to its proximity to major industrial centers such as Ulsan and Pohang. Gyeongju is connected to the nationwide rail and highway networks, which facilitate industrial and tourist traffic


1. Cuisine

The cuisine of Gyeongju is generally typical of the cuisine elsewhere in Gyeongsang province: spicy and salty. However, it has distinctive tastes according to region and several local specialties known nationwide. The most famous of these is "Gyeongju bread" or "Hwangnam bread", a red-bean pastry first baked in 1939 and now sold throughout the country. Chalboribbang, made with locally produced glutinous barley, is also a pastry with a filling of red bean paste. Local specialties with a somewhat longer pedigree include beopju, a traditional Korean liquor produced by the Gyeongju Choe in Gyo-dong. The brewing skill and distill master were designated as Important Intangible Cultural Properties by South Korea government.

Other local specialties include ssambap, haejangguk, and muk. Ssambap refers to a rice dish served with vegetable leaves, various banchan (small side dishes) and condiments such as gochujang (chili pepper paste) or ssamjang (a mixture of soybean paste and gochujang) to wrap them together. Most ssambap restaurants in Gyeongju are gathered in the area of Daenuengwon or Grand Tumuli Park. Haejangguk is a kind of soup eaten as a hangover cure, and means "soup to chase a hangover". A street dedicated to haejangguk is located near Gyeongju National Museum, where 20 haejangguk restaurants are gathered to serve the Gyeongju-style haejangguk. The soup is made by boiling soybean sprout, sliced memilmuk (buckwheat starch jelly), sour kimchi (pickled vegetables) and gulfweed in a clear broth of dried anchovy and Alaska pollack.

The east district of Gyeongju, Gampo-eup town, is adjacent to the sea, so fresh seafood and jeotgal (fermented salted seafood) are abundant. There are over 240 seafood restaurants in Gampo Harbor offering various dishes made with seafood caught in the sea, such as hoe (raw fish dishes), jeonboktang (an abalone soup), grilled seafood and others.

Gyeongju is a major tourist destination for South Koreans as well as foreign visitors. It boasts the 1000 years of Silla heritage with vast number of ancient ruins and archaeological sites found throughout the city, which help to attract 6 million visiting tourists including 750,000 foreigners per year. The city government has parlayed its historic status into a basis for other tourism-related developments such as conferences, festivals, and resorts.

Many Silla sites are located in Gyeongju National Park such as the Royal Tomb Complex, the Cheomseongdae observatory that is one of the oldest surviving astronomical observatories in East Asia, the Anapji royal pond garden, and the Gyerim forest. Gyeongju National Museum hosts many important artifacts and national treasures that have been excavated from sites within the city and surrounding areas.

Much of Gyeongju's heritage are related to the Silla kingdom's patronage of Buddhism. The grotto of Seokguram and the temple of Bulguksa were the first Korean sites to be included on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1995. In addition, the ruins of the old Hwangnyongsa temple, said to have been Korean's largest, are preserved on the slopes of Toham Mountain. Various Silla-era stone carvings of Buddhas and Bodhisattvas are found on mountainsides throughout the city, particularly on Namsan.

2. Attractions

A significant portion of Gyeongju's tourist traffic is due to the city's promotion of itself as a site for various festivals, conferences, and competitions. Every year since 1962, the Silla cultural festival has been held in October to celebrate and honor the dynasty's history and culture. It is one of the major festivals of Korea. It features athletic events, folk games, music, dance, literary contests and Buddhist religious ceremonies. Other festivals include the Cherry Blossom Marathon in April,[156] the Korean Traditional Liquor and Cake festival in March, and memorial ceremonies for the founders of the Silla Dynasty and General Kim Yu-sin.

There were 15 hotels including Hilton Hotel, Gyeognju Chosun Hotel, and 276 lodging facilities, and 2,817 restaurants in Gyeongju in 2006.


3. World Heritage Status and Sites

Seokguram Grotto, the greatest masterpiece of the golden age of Silla, is a heritage property in which architecture, mathematical principles, geometry, religion, and art are collectively realized through its design and construction. Bulguksa Temple is a prime exemplar depicting Buddhist beliefs through architecture, manifesting an unparalleled architectural beauty difficult to find even in Asia.

Seokguram: The construction of Seokguram Grotto was begun in 751 A.D. By Gim Daeseong, then prime minister under the reign of King Gyeongdeok of Silla. It was completed in 774 A.D. During the reign of King Hyegong. At the time it was completed, it was called Seokbulsa, meaning Stone Buddha Temple.

Seokguram Grotto, near the summit of Mt. Tohamsan, is a man-made cave that was assembled from white granite. Inside of Seokguram Grotto are 39 carved divinities, including Bodhisattvas, disciples, heavenly guards, and heavenly kings, all formed around a central principal figure of the Buddha. The rectangular antechamber of the Grotto is connected to the main rotunda by a corridor. The domed ceiling of the main chamber is exquisitely made from over 360 pieces of flat stone. The superb architectural technique employed here is unprecedented in the world in its excellence. Statues of a total of eight heavenly guards stand on either side of the antechamber that serves as the entrance to the Grotto. On each side of the entrance to the corridor are bas-relief carvings of Deva kings, while the narrow corridor is decorated with the Four Heavenly Kings carved in pairs.

Octagonal stone columns stand on either side of the entrance to the main rotunda. The principal Buddha is placed slightly off center and toward the back of the main rotunda. From the entrance, the walls of the chamber are filled with the images of two Devas, two Bodhisattvas, and ten Arahats. Behind the principal Buddha is a carving of the eleven-faced Avalokitesvara (the Goddess of Mercy, Gwan-eum). Every single sculpture found in this place can be considered a masterpiece of East Asian Buddhist art, including the near-perfect principal image of Buddha, with its masterful carving technique and realistic representation, as well as the ornately-carved face and body of the eleven-faced Avalokitesvara (Goddess of Mercy), the carvings of valiant warriors and the majestic Four Heavenly Kings, and the supple and graceful figures of various monks and various Arahats, each displaying a distinct individualism.

In particular, the serene appearance of the Gupta-style principal Buddha figure is striking, seated in a cross-legged position, the face filled with wisdom, slightly open eyes mounted by gentle eyebrows, a mouth that seems poised to speak, delicate nose and elongated ears. Together, all of these aspects of the seated Buddha combine into a form that embodies a deep and noble spirit, and as such expresses the most ideal beauty in the world. In design and construction, Seokguram Grotto is a sublime integration of architecture, mathematics, geometry, religion, and art.

 

Since its designation as National Treasure No. 24, Seokguram Grotto has been well cared for, and along with Bulguksa Temple, was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in December 1995. Tucked away on the secluded eastern slope of Mt. Tohamsan near the summit, Seokguram has received high accolades internationally for its flawless and exceptional sculpture and ingenious architecture. A total of 39 Buddhist deities centered around the principal Buddha can be found in the interior of the man-made grotto, consisting of an antechamber, a passageway, and the main rotunda.

The walls of the rectangular antechamber are adorned with carvings of two Deva kings, who serve as fierce temple guardians, and the Eight Guardian Deities. The narrow corridor leading to the domed main rotunda features the Four Heavenly Kings, guardians of the four cardinal directions. The principal Buddha statue is seated in the center of the main rotunda, surrounded by symmetrical carved images on the wall featuring Brahma, Indra, Manjusri, Samantabhadra, and the ten disciples.

According to Great Tang Records on the Western Regions (大唐西域記) of Xuanzang (A.D. 602-664), a Chinese monk who journeyed on a 17-year pilgrimage to Central Asia and India, Mahabodhi Temple, the Temple of Enlightenment, was built on the very site where Sakyamuni (Gautama Buddha) had attained divine enlightenment. He reported seeing there a seated stone sculpture of the Buddha facing due east, mounted on a pedestal 123cm tall and 75cm wide. The seated statue was 345cm tall, measuring 264cm from knee to knee and 183cm from shoulder to shoulder. The size of the principal statue of Seokguram Grotto matches this record. Since the statue seen by Xuanzang at Mahabodhi Temple no longer exists, the historical importance of Seokguram is all the more significant.

In the rotunda area, below a domed ceiling representing the celestial heavens, the 350cm high statue depicting the noble and gentle Sakyamuni Buddha sits facing the East Sea. The lifelike gentle folds of his robe, exposing his face and shoulders, add an overall feeling of vitality to the statue. With narrow half-closed eyes, he seems deep in meditation, his lips showing a faint smile and his full, plump face carrying a grave yet compassionate expression. He assumes the bhumisparsha mudra in which the left hand rests palm upward in the lap, while the index finger of the right hand, hanging over the knee with palm inward, points to the earth.

Because it symbolizes the Buddha's moment of victory, attaining enlightenment after overcoming obstructions and the temptations of the demon Mara, another name for the statue is Seongdo-sang, (成道像), meaning statue of enlightenment. The position of the niches within the main rotunda, halfway between the ceiling and the floor, is significant, in that they occupy a place between the earthly and heavenly worlds. From the perspective of Buddhist doctrine, this is in keeping with the status of bodhisattvas as median figures, somewhere between enlightened Buddhas (覺者) and obscure (無明) sentient beings. The right triangle formed by the right shoulder, wrist, and right knee of the carving of the Maitreya Bodhisattva produces a sense of stability and tranquility, while on the other hand, the curve formed by his raised knee, slightly angled left arm resting on one leg, and gently forward-tilted head evoke dynamism and motion. The eight warrior-like heavenly guards on the wall of the antechamber are deities in various guises guarding Buddhist dharma. The pair of Deva kings, wearing skirts and looking valiant and powerful with their well-developed upper body muscles, are also guardians of Buddhist dharma. Another name for the Deva kings is ‘diamond kings,’ since they hold clubs made of diamond. Then, located in the deepest part of the main rotunda, hidden directly behind the principal statue of the Buddha, the eleven-faced Avalokitesvara (Goddess of Mercy) captivates us with her grace and beauty.

Our attention is arrested by ten brilliantly carved faces in stunning detail that appear around the head. The figure faces directly ahead, her facial expression showing a delicate smile and her flowing silken robes adorned with dazzling jewelry (yeongnak,
瓔珞, ornaments made from beads or precious metals strung together). The fingers and toes evoke subtle movement, with the left hand holding a vase containing a slender lotus flower and the right hand lightly holding a long necklace. The cumulative effect is one of masterful splendor. Constructed in the mid-eighth century during the golden age of the Unified Silla, Seokguram was created through a high level of architectural technology and superb aesthetic sensibilities based on Buddhist thought and highly sophisticated mathematical principles. The grandeur and sublime beauty inherent in Seokguram derives from the harmonious combination of these foundational sources.

Seokguram is an architectural and sculptural reproduction of the moment when the Sakyamuni (Gautama Buddha) attained enlightenment, the Great Awakening. In a sculptural sense, it is full of vitality, its technique devoid of artifice or unnaturalness, demonstrating masterful workmanship and outstanding artistry. Through the Great Awakening, the ultimate state, the human Sakyamuni becomes the Buddha, a metaphysical figure, and the mundane world becomes a paradise known as beopkye, or dharmadhatu, the realm of truth.

 

Bulguksa: The construction of Bulguksa Temple was begun by Gim Daeseong in 751 A.D., during the reign of King Gyeongdeok, and was completed in 774 A.D during the reign of King Hyegong. Its construction was begun and completed parallel with that of Seokguram.

Nestled in the western foothills of Mt. Tohamsan, Bulguksa Temple is a monumental work of art recognized throughout the world for its excellence. It depicts profound Buddhist principles and the spirit of artistic genius in a unique way. As the longed-for Buddhist land and ideal world of Silla imagination brought to earth, Bulguksa Temple is a realization of the earthly Saha World as expressed by Sakyamuni Buddha in the Lotus Sutra, Buddha’s Land of Bliss from the Amitabha (Infinite Life) Sutra, and the Lotus Land of Vairocana from the Avatamska (Flower Garland) Sutra.

The architectural form of Bulguksa Temple can be divided chiefly into two areas. One area contains Daeungjeon (Hall of Great Enlightenment), surrounded by Cheongungyo (Blue Cloud Bridge), Baegungyo (White Cloud Bridge), Jahamun (Purple Mist Gate), Beomyeongnu (Pavilion of Mount Meru), Jwagyeongnu (Left Sutra Hall), Dabotap (Pagoda of Many Treasures), Seokgatap (Sakyamuni Pagoda), and Museoljeon (Hall of No Words). The other area contains Geuknakjeon (Hall of Supreme Bliss), surrounded by Chilbogyo (Seven Treasures Bridge), Yeonhwagyo (Lotus Flower Bridge), and Anyangmun (Peace Enhancing Gate). The magnificent and unique stone structures seen when one looks straight on at the temple remain from the eighth century, and the wooden buildings are18th century restorations built upon the remains of the original structures that burnt to the ground. Hoerang was restored in the 1960s.

 

The stone structures are marvelously constructed, using long and short stones in the foundations, cylindrical stones for pillars and balustrades, and various other well-hewn stones. Beholders stand in awed admiration of the delicacy, majesty, and lightness of the finely carved stone pillars and balustrades of Yeonhwagyo (Lotus Flower Bridge) and Chilbogyo (Seven Treasures Bridge). The 8.2-meter tall three-tiered stupa known as Seokgatap (Sakyamuni Pagoda), with its well-proportioned sections creating an overall balance, possesses a simple and stately beauty. The famous stupa, Dabotap (Pagoda of Many Treasures), which stands 10.4 meters high on top of a rectangular base, is constructed of many pieces of stone material connected with joints like those seen in wooden architecture. It is highly praised for its elaborate and ornate beauty, unique structure, and creative artistry.

Bulguksa Temple has been classified by the government as Historic and Scenic Site No. 1. Some of its important cultural properties include Dabotap (National Treasure No. 20), Seokgatap (National Treasure No. 21), Cheongungyo and Baegungyo (National Treasure No. 23), Yeonhwagyo and Chilbogyo (National Treasure No. 22), Geumdong Amita Yeoraejwasang, the seated gilt-bronze Amitabha Buddha (National Treasure No. 27), and Birojanabul, the seated gilt-bronze Vairocana Buddha (National Treasure No. 26). In December 1995, Bulguksa Temple was placed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, together with Seokguram Grotto.

Namsan: As home to numerous Buddhist relics, Mount Namsan is almost like an open-air museum, where the essence of Silla is vibrant and tangible. Relics and ruins include Najeong Well, a central feature in the birth legend of the kingdom; Poseokjeong Pavilion, the site where the Silla dynasty era came to an end; the seated stone Buddha at Mireuk Valley; the standing stone Buddhist Triad in Bae-ri; and the seated Buddha carved in relief on a stone pillar near Chilburam Hermitage.

 








1 Relief of Buddha in Borisa Temple    (Tangible Cultural Property No. 193)
2 Seated stone Buddha statue at Mireuk Valley     ( Treasure No. 136)
3 Three-tiered stone pagoda at Yongjangsa Valley     (Treasure No. 186)
4 Yongjang-sa Buddhist Temple site     (Treasure No. 187)
5 Seated Buddha image carved on rock surface at Yongjangsa Temple site     (Treasure No. 913)
6 Three-tiered stone pagoda of  Cheollyongsa Temple site     (Treasure No. 1188)
7 Flagpole supports at Namgansa Temple site     (Treasure No. 909)
8 Seokjeong Well of Namgansa Temple site     (Cultural Asset No. 13)
9 Three-tiered stone pagoda in Namsan-ri     (Treasure No. 124)
10 Standing Stone Buddhist Triad in Bae-ri     (Treasure No. 63)
11 Seated stone Buddha in Bulgok Valley of Mt. Namsan in Gyeongju     (Treasure No. 198)
12 Rock-cut seated Bodhisattva near Sinseonam Hermitage     (Treasure No. 199)
13 Seated Buddha image carved on rock pillar near Chilburam Hermitage     (Treasure No. 200)
14 Buddhist image at Tapgok valley     (Treasure No. 201)
15 Stone Buddha in Samneunggye Valley     (Treasure No. 666)
16 Ma-ae Gwaneum Bosal Image in Samneung Valley     (Tangible Cultural Property No. 19)
17 Two pairs of Buddhist triads of Samneung Valley     (Tangible Cultural Property No. 21)
18 Haed of Buddha in Ipgok valley     (Tangible Cultural Property No. 94)
19 Seated stone Buddha statue in Chimsikgok     (Tangible Cultural Property No. 112)
20 Seated stone Buddha statue in Yeoramgok     (Tangible Cultural Property No. 113)
21 Ma-ae Standing Buddha in Yaksu Valley     (Tangible Cultural Property No. 114)
22 Relief of seated Sakyamuni in Samneung Valley     (Tangible Cultural Property No. 158)
23 Seated Buddha statue in Samneung Valley     (Tangible Cultural Property No. 159)
24 Buddhist triad of Yuneulgok Valley     (Tangible Cultural Property No. 195)
25 Three royal tombs in Bae-ri     (Historical Relic No. 219)
26 Royal tomb of King Ilseong of Silla     (Historical Relic No. 173)
27 Royal tomb of King Jeonggang of Silla     (Historical Relic No. 186)
28 Royal tomb of King Heongang of Silla     (Historical Relic No. 187)
29 Royal tomb of King Jima     (Historical Relic No. 221)
30 Royal tomb of King Gyeongae     (Historical Relic No. 222)
31 Royal tomb of King Naemul     (Historical Relic No. 188)
32 Poseokjeong Pavilion site in Gyeongju     (Historical Relic No. 1)
33 Namsanseong Fortress in Gyeongju     (Historical Relic No. 22)
34 Seochulji Pond     ( Historical Relic No. 138)
35 Najeong Well     (Historical Relic No. 245)
36 Stone chamber in Namsan-dong     (Cultural Asset No. 6)

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Excursions:

The city of Gyeongju has too much to offer for visitors. There are many historic places to see and enjoy. For that, the local committee has organized five excursions described below.

To make a reservation for any of these excursions, please login to your SAC registration account and add check the desired excursions ASAP. When seats are run out, the registration will be closed.Priority is on first-come basis. If the number of participants does not the required minimum, that excursion will be canceled.

Monday excursion requires 40 participates to arrange for first bus and 70 to arrange for a second bus. If under 70, the first 40 participants will make it. Others will be refunded.

These excursions are partially sponsored by the City of Gyeongju. Therefore, the cost is at minimal. We hope you find the time and take advantage of these tours and explore the City of Gyeongju during your stay.

Click HERE to download excursions information.

Click HERE to go to your registration login (Regonline Login).

(Tour #1: Monday): Full day - Gyeongju Historic Areas & Hyundai Motors (Ulsan city)

(1) Date: 3/24 (Monday), 9:30 ~ 18:00
(2) Attractions: Yangnam's Columnar Joint, Bulguksa Temple, Seokguram Grotto, and Hyundai Motors in Ulsan city
(3) Fare: US $48 / person (includes: Touristic bus travel, English guide and Lunch)
(4) Minimum: 30 persons, Maximum: 90 persons

1. Yangnam's Columnar Joint

Yangnam-myeon's coastal area is blessed with lovely scenery and the natural geological wonder of columnar joints, sculpted by nature. You can witness diverse types of formations grouped and clustered along 1.7km of shoreline. See lines of elaborate stone columns over 10 meters high, evoking the columns of ancient Greek temples; horizontal columnar joints that resemble stacks of timber; and other
mysterious formations resembling the crater lake atop Mt. Baekdu, a woman's pleated skirt, an open fan, and flower buds. This unique world natural heritage is a veritable geological museum.

2. Bulguksa Temple


The construction of Bulguksa Temple was begun by Gim Daeseong in 751 A.D., during the reign of King Gyeongdeok, and was completed in 774 A.D during the reign of King Hyegong. Its construction was begun and completed parallel with that of Seokguram. Nestled in the western foothills of Mt. Tohamsan, Bulguksa Temple is a monumental work of art recognized throughout the world for its excellence. It depicts profound Buddhist principles and the spirit of artistic genius in a unique way. As the longed-for Buddhist land and ideal world of Silla imagination brought to earth, Bulguksa Temple is a realization of the earthly Saha World as expressed by Sakyamuni Buddha in the Lotus Sutra, Buddha's Land of Bliss from the Amitabha (Infinite Life) Sutra, and the Lotus Land of Vairocana from the Avatamska (Flower Garland) Sutra. The architectural form of Bulguksa Temple can be divided chiefly into two areas. One area contains Daeungjeon (Hall of Great Enlightenment), surrounded by Cheongungyo (Blue Cloud Bridge), Baegungyo (White Cloud Bridge), Jahamun (Purple Mist Gate), Beomyeongnu (Pavilion of Mount Meru), Jwagyeongnu (Left Sutra Hall), Dabotap (Pagoda of Many Treasures), Seokgatap (Sakyamuni Pagoda), and Museoljeon (Hall of No Words). The other area contains Geuknakjeon (Hall of Supreme Bliss), surrounded by Chilbogyo (Seven Treasures Bridge), Yeonhwagyo (Lotus Flower Bridge), and Anyangmun (Peace Enhancing Gate). The magnificent and unique stone structures seen when one looks straight on at the temple remain from the eighth century, and the wooden buildings are18th century restorations built upon the remains of the original structures that burnt to the ground. Hoerang was restored in the 1960s. The stone structures are marvelously constructed, using long and short stones in the foundations, cylindrical stones for pillars and balustrades, and various other well-hewn stones. Beholders stand in awed admiration of the delicacy, majesty, and lightness of the finely carved stone pillars and balustrades of Yeonhwagyo (Lotus Flower Bridge) and Chilbogyo (Seven Treasures Bridge). The 8.2-meter tall three-tiered stupa known as Seokgatap (Sakyamuni Pagoda), with its well-proportioned sections creating an overall balance, possesses a simple and stately beauty. The famous stupa, Dabotap (Pagoda of Many Treasures), which stands 10.4 meters high on top of a rectangular base, is constructed of many pieces of stone material connected with joints like those seen in wooden architecture. It is highly praised for its elaborate and ornate beauty, unique structure, and creative artistry.

3. Seokguram Grotto

The construction of Seokguram Grotto was begun in 751 A.D. by Gim Daeseong, then prime minister under the reign of King Gyeongdeok of Silla. It was completed in 774 A.D. during the reign of King Hyegong. At the time it was completed, it was called Seokbulsa, meaning "Stone Buddha Temple".  Seokguram Grotto, near the summit of Mt. Tohamsan, is a man-made cave that was assembled from white granite. Inside of Seokguram Grotto are 39 carved divinities, including Bodhisattvas, disciples, heavenly guards, and heavenly kings, all formed around a central principal figure of the Buddha. The rectangular antechamber of the Grotto is connected to the main rotunda by a corridor. The domed ceiling of the main chamber is exquisitely made from over 360 pieces of flat stone. The superb architectural technique employed here is unprecedented in the world in its excellence. Statues of a total of eight heavenly guards stand on either side of the antechamber that serves as the entrance to the Grotto. On each side of the entrance to the corridor are bas-relief carvings of Deva kings, while the narrow corridor is decorated with the Four Heavenly Kings carved in pairs.

4. Hyundai Motors

Hyundai Motors factories in Ulsan city.

(Tour #2: Wed AM): Half day - Bulguksa and Sukguram

(1) Data: 3/26 (Wednesday), 09:00 ~ 12:00
(2) Attractions: Bulguksa Temple and Seokguram Grotto
(3) Fare: US $20 / person (includes: Touristic bus travel and English guide)
(4) Minimum: 30 persons, Maximum: 70 persons

1. Bulguksa Temple

The construction of Bulguksa Temple was begun by Gim Daeseong in 751 A.D., during the reign of King Gyeongdeok, and was completed in 774 A.D during the reign of King Hyegong. Its construction was begun and completed parallel with that of Seokguram. Nestled in the western foothills of Mt. Tohamsan, Bulguksa Temple is a monumental work of art recognized throughout the world for its excellence. It depicts profound Buddhist principles and the spirit of artistic genius in a unique way. As the longed-for Buddhist land and ideal world of Silla imagination brought to earth, Bulguksa Temple is a realization of the earthly Saha World as expressed by Sakyamuni Buddha in the Lotus Sutra, Buddha's Land of Bliss from the Amitabha (Infinite Life) Sutra, and the Lotus Land of Vairocana from the Avatamska (Flower Garland) Sutra. The architectural form of Bulguksa Temple can be divided chiefly into two areas. One area contains Daeungjeon (Hall of Great Enlightenment), surrounded by Cheongungyo (Blue Cloud Bridge), Baegungyo (White Cloud Bridge), Jahamun (Purple Mist Gate), Beomyeongnu (Pavilion of Mount Meru), Jwagyeongnu (Left Sutra Hall), Dabotap (Pagoda of Many Treasures), Seokgatap (Sakyamuni Pagoda), and Museoljeon (Hall of No Words). The other area contains Geuknakjeon (Hall of Supreme Bliss), surrounded by Chilbogyo (Seven Treasures Bridge), Yeonhwagyo (Lotus Flower Bridge), and Anyangmun (Peace Enhancing Gate). The magnificent and unique stone structures seen when one looks straight on at the temple remain from the eighth century, and the wooden buildings are18th century restorations built upon the remains of the original structures that burnt to the ground. Hoerang was restored in the 1960s. The stone structures are marvelously constructed, using long and short stones in the foundations, cylindrical stones for pillars and balustrades, and various other well-hewn stones. Beholders stand in awed admiration of the delicacy, majesty, and lightness of the finely carved stone pillars and balustrades of Yeonhwagyo (Lotus Flower Bridge) and Chilbogyo (Seven Treasures Bridge). The 8.2-meter tall three-tiered stupa known as Seokgatap (Sakyamuni Pagoda), with its well-proportioned sections creating an overall balance, possesses a simple and stately beauty. The famous stupa, Dabotap (Pagoda of Many Treasures), which stands 10.4 meters high on top of a rectangular base, is constructed of many pieces of stone material connected with joints like those seen in wooden architecture. It is highly praised for its elaborate and ornate beauty, unique structure, and creative artistry.

2. Seokguram Grotto


The construction of Seokguram Grotto was begun in 751 A.D. by Gim Daeseong, then prime minister under the reign of King Gyeongdeok of Silla. It was completed in 774 A.D. during the reign of King Hyegong. At the time it was completed, it was called Seokbulsa, meaning "Stone Buddha Temple".  Seokguram Grotto, near the summit of Mt. Tohamsan, is a man-made cave that was assembled from white granite. Inside of Seokguram Grotto are 39 carved divinities, including Bodhisattvas, disciples, heavenly guards, and heavenly kings, all formed around a central principal figure of the Buddha. The rectangular antechamber of the Grotto is connected to the main rotunda by a corridor. The domed ceiling of the main chamber is exquisitely made from over 360 pieces of flat stone. The superb architectural technique employed here is unprecedented in the world in its excellence. Statues of a total of eight heavenly guards stand on either side of the antechamber that serves as the entrance to the Grotto. On each side of the entrance to the corridor are bas-relief carvings of Deva kings, while the narrow corridor is decorated with the Four Heavenly Kings carved in pairs.


(Tour #3: Wed PM): Half day - Oreung, Daereungwon, and the Tomb of General Kim Yu Sin

Canceled

(1) Data: 3/26 (Wednesday), 14:00 ~ 17:00
(2) Attractions: Oreung, Daereungwon, and the Tomb of General Kim Yu Sin
(3) Fare: US $20 / person (includes: Touristic bus travel and English guide)
(4) Minimum: 30 persons, Maximum: 70 persons

1. Oreung

Despite their irregular sizes and areas, the five royal tombs rest harmoniously alongside one another. The royal personages said to be buried here include King Bak Hyeokgeose and his wife, Queen Alyeong; the second Silla king, Namhae; the third Silla king, Yuri; and the fifth Silla king, Pasa. If so, then this means that nearly all of Silla's early kings are gathered here. According to another legend about Oreung, it is said that all five of the royal tombs belong to King Bak Hyeokgeose. Legend has it that King Hyeokgeose ascended to heaven after ruling for 61 years. Seventeen days later, his body fell to earth from heaven, scattered in five pieces, upon which his queen died. As the people attempted to bury the five pieces of the king's body in a tomb, along with the deceased queen, a large snake appeared and prevented them from doing so. Hindered by the snake, the people had to bury the royal remains in five separate tombs, hence the name "Sareung", meaning "Serpent Tombs". All the royal tombs of Seonamsan belong to members of the Bak clan!h To the southwest of Namsan, there are six zones where royal Silla tombs are found, including Oreung (Five Tombs) and Samreung (Three Tombs). It is noteworthy that all of these tombs are occupied by royals surnamed Bak. Among the 56 kings of Silla, there were ten kings surnamed Bak. They were Bak Hyeokgeose (1st king, consort Alyeong), Namhae (2nd king), Yuri (3rd king), Pasa (5th king), Jima (6th king), Ilseong (7th king), Adalla (8th king), Sindeok, a descendant of Adalla (53rd king), Gyeongmyeong (54th king), and Gyeongae (55th king). The Birth Legend of Bak Hyeokgeose About 2,100 years ago, there were six villages on the open plains of Gyeongju, each ruled by its own village chief. One day, a strange light from the sky shone upon a well called Najeong, and a white horse was seen bowing down. Hearing humans, the horse raced away, and a purple egg was discovered in that spot. From inside the egg a fine-looking boy emerged. The boy grew up exceptionally bright, and when he turned 13, the six village chiefs agreed to unify their chiefdoms into one nation, making the boy the king.

2. Daereungwon

In Daereungwon Tumuli Park Belt are located tombs and burial places of high personages including kings, queens, and nobility. Based on its distinct areas, it is divided into the Tumuli in Hwangnam-ri, Tumuli in Nodong-ri, and Tumuli in Noseo-ri. When the tombs were excavated, rare and precious artifacts were discovered, including the Geumgwan Gold Crown, the Cheonmado Heavenly Horse painting, glass drinking vessels, and a variety of earthenware, displaying the essence of Silla culture as well as the era's way of life.

3. The Tomb of General Kim Yu Sin

General Kim Yu Sin was a hero who made the unification of Silla possible, and after his death he was honored with the name "Great King" of Heungmu and buried in a tomb fit for a king. It is on a low hill next to Hyeongsanggang. It is surrounded by pine forests and the approach is lined with cherry blossom and other trees. He was the great-great grandson of the last king of Geumgwan Gaya. He became a Hwarang (Flower Knight) at 15 and was highly skilled in tactics and martial arts. He became a general in the 7th year of the reign of King Taejongmuyeol (660), and led the armies that conquered Baekjae. In the 8th year of the reign of King Munmu (668), he conquered Goguryeo. He also defeated the armies of the Dang Dynasty when they attempted to invade Silla. The tomb of General Kim Yu Sin has a unique strength and charisma. It is surrounded by very sophisticated carvings of 12 animal gods with the heads of animals and the bodies of humans. The descendants of Kim Yu Sin, being unaware of the honors given to him after death, changed the writing on the tombstone to indicate that it was not that of a king (reung) but of a regular person (myo). At the base of the hill is Heungmu Park, a great place to hang out or have a picnic.


(Tour #4: Thur AM): Half day - Oksanseowon and Yangdong Village

(1) Data: 3/27 (Thursday), 09:00 ~ 12:00
(2) Attractions: Oksanseowon and Yangdong Village
(3)
Fare: US $20 / person (includes: Touristic bus travel and English guide)
(4) Minimum: 30 persons, Maximum: 70 persons

1. Oksanseowon

It is a typical traditional seowon (a Confucian study and ceremonial center) that has a shrine in the back and a study area in the front, and was built 500 years ago honoring the great Choseon scholar of neo-Confucianism, Lee Eon Jeok, who studied here. He was the first person to start the debate style of academic study. In 1573, about 20 years after his death, scholars wanted to build a memorial honoring his achievements. Oksanseowon is one of the 47 highly honored seowon's in Korea. The signboard of Oksanseowon was written by Chusa, Kim Jeong Hee, a scholar famous for his beautiful calligraphy. It also has the largest number of old books, including Samguksagi, by Kim Bu Shik. Surrounding Oksanseowon is the mountain Dodeoksan and also many beautiful valleys

2. Yangdong Village (Yangdongmaeul)

Yangdongmaeul is a typical Choseon yangban village, along with Hwahoemaeul in Andong. There are many pavilions and National Cultural Assets scattered around the village. The two families that live in this village, the Wolseong Son family, and the Yeogang Lee family, have lived there for 500 years. This village contains traditional Choseon culture as it was, so the whole village became an important folk reference in 1984. Of the large Hanoks of the wealthy high on the hill, and the servants thatch-roofed houses at the bottom of the hill, only about 150 remain. The most important buildings of this village are the house of Son Jung Don, and the home of the father of Lee Eon Jeok, one of the five most highly regarded intellectuals of the Choseon period. At Yangdong Folk Village there are programs for children to experience living a traditional village life. Also there are traditional culture programs such as Hanji, traditional paper craft, and Seodang, the school system of Choseon.


(Tour #5: Thur PM) : Half day - National Gyeongju Museum and Anapji

Canceled

(1) Data: 3/27 (Thursday), 14:00 ~ 17:00
(2) Attractions: National Gyeongju Museum, Anapji
(3) Fare: US $20 / person (includes: Touristic bus travel and English guide)
(4) Minimum: 30 persons, Maximum: 70 persons

1. National Gyeongju Museum

Although the city of Gyeongju is considered to be an open air museum, the National Gyeongju Museum is a great place to see the most valuable local artifacts and inform yourself with expert description and interpretation. It is a must-visit place and consists of three main exhibition halls, special exhibition halls and an outdoor exhibition. The Ancient Hall consists of the Silla 1 & 2 Halls that house exhibits from early Silla, mainly from Cheomachong and Hwangnamdaechong. Silla 1 Hall houses the Geumgwan, the gold crown of Silla, and various metal-craft items, and Silla 2 Hall exhibits various Silla clay sculptures. The Art Hall houses various Buddhist carvings, the historical record room, the metal-craft room, and the Hwangryeongsa room, which has artifacts from Hwangryeong temple grounds. The Anapji Hall houses the most valuable works of art from the 30,000 artifacts that were excavated at Anapji. Here you can see the everyday items of the royalty and nobility of Unified Silla.
The outdoor exhibition includes stone pagodas, stone Buddha statues, stone lanterns, the bases of tombstones and Seongdeokdaewangshinjong, the large bronze bell of the Great King Seongdeok. The Children's Museum was opened in 1954 to help children understand the history of Gyeongju.

2. Anapji

In the town of Gyeongju there are more palaces and royal Silla heritage sites. Cheomseongdae, Gyerim, Wolseong and Anapji are directly connected to the palaces of Silla. Nodongdong, Noseodong, Gobungun, Daereungwon, Hwangori in Wangli Gobungun are the tombs of the royal family and nobility. Hwangryeongsateo and Bunhwangsa are large temples of Silla. It is great to just walk or cycle around town to see the elegance and majesty of Silla. The lotus fields around Anapji are beautiful like a painting and the canola blossoms around Cheomseongdae make a spectacular backdrop. The beautiful lighting at night makes it perfect for nighttime sightseeing and the evening performances at Anapji will make for a unique experience.

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Useful Links for Tours:

http://www.gyeongju.go.kr/english/open_content/index.jsp

http://guide.gyeongju.go.kr/deploy/eng/

http://www.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/SI/SI_EN_3_6.jsp?cid=255885

http://www.lifeinkorea.com/travel2/kyongju

http://www.lifeinkorea.com/travel2/kyongju

http://english.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/TR/TR_EN_5_5_7.jsp

http://www.tripadvisor.com/Attraction_Review-g297888-d3583974-Reviews-Gyeongju_City_Tour_Day_Tours-Gyeongju_Gyeongsangbuk_do.html

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Useful Free Apps:

Apps for Android Smartphones

Korea Smart Tour Guide: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=dht.smarttourguide&hl=en

Gyeongju National Museum: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=dht.gyeongju&hl=en

Silla History Tour: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=storytellring.ot


Apps for I-Phone
 

Visit Korea: https://itunes.apple.com/in/app/visit-korea/id417340885?mt=8

Touch Korea: https://itunes.apple.com/in/app/touch-korea/id396812407?mt=8

Gyeongju National Museum: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/gyeongju-national-museum/id460375395?mt=8

Silla History Tour: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/silla-history-tour/id419789811

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